Ayurvedic concept of ‘Dincharya’ in Healthy Lifestyle

Dr. Anuradha Khandekar*

Introduction:
What is the aim of one's life? It is  Dharma, Arth, Kam and Moksha prapti.
According to Ayurveda to achieve these aims one should be healthy and diseases are main obstacles in gaining this objective. Our ancestors have recognized this in Ayurveda, an age old science and thus, they had emphasized on prevention of disease and promotion of health. First aim of ayurveda is to maintain health and the second aim is cure of the diseases.[1]
According to Ayurveda among three main causative factors of diseases, kala or time is basic factor which is responsible for changes in all creation. These changes when occurred in full extent, the diseases are manifested. Now a days modern lifestyle with technological advancement made the person to become more mechanical with less physical activity, more stress challenges, fast food culture and late night sleep. This results in various types of disorders like obesity, diabetes, CHD, etc. These diseases are result of disturbed and deranged lifestyle and can only be corrected by intervention through ideal lifestyle. [2]
                Lifestyle can be modified by following Dincharya. Ayurveda recommends that in order to be optimally healthy we should follow to the nature’s cycle pertaining to regulate body’s rhythms. Dincharya is described in context of today means sunrise to sunset.
 An ideal dincharya has been described in Ayurveda[3] like-
wake up in the morning:  Waking up in Brahmi muhurtha i.e. one should get up two hrs before sunrise. During this hours vata element is dominant, this is the time when there is most sattva in the air. 
This vata kal also helps in Elimination  i. e. emptying of bowel and badder. Elimination should done as soon as possible in the morning. It will helpful for the improvement of digestive power.
Teeth (Danta dhavana) and tongue (Jihva nirlekhana) cleaning:  One should brush in the morning with twigs of Arka, Vata, Khadira, Karanja, or Arjuna. One should brush in vertical direction from bottom to top. So by doing this it brings freshness, takes away the bad odour, coating on the teeth and creates desire for the food.
Jihva nirlekhana: It should be done with the help of gold, silver, or iron. It will benefit in case of bad odour of mouth, cure edema, and gives taste. Now a day those metals are very costly so at least we can use at least steel items.
Gandusha and Kavala:  It can be termed as gargle with water. It  gives strength to mandible, clarity of mouth, lightness and clarity of sense organs. And also gives good taste. In modern era such items are prepared with chemicals, so one should avoid those chemical items.
Anjana:  One should daily apply the collyrium called Sauviram, which is beneficial to the eyes; by this eyes become beautiful, sharp to see even minute objects . It cleans the eyes, which makes them shine like the bright moon in clear sky.
Dhumrapana: Smoking should be done using medicinal plants.Smoking is the procedure to take smoke through the nostril and then leave through the mouth. It gives benefits like lightness of the chest, throat, head, and liquefaction of the Kapha.  In modern era smoking is completely different and fashionable because they are taking the smoke through the mouth and leaving out through the nostril. And that cigarette contains nicotine like harmful things which will affect the lungs. So by smoking with these things instead of increasing the life span they will decrease the life span.
 Nasya:  Nasal insufflations.  Head is considered as the most important part of the body. So nose is the entry way for the head. It causes benefits like lightness of the head, proper sleep, and awakening, cure of diseases, clarity of organs, and pleasant mind. So they are prepared from plant origin they are good for health.
 Vyayama: Means exercise. Exercise nourishes the body, gives good complexion, proportionate the body parts, enhances agni, avoids laziness and obesity, provides lightness of the body parts, and also avoids early aging. Vyayam should be done according to ones strength or capacity.
It lowers the body fats, reduces the risk of heart disease, lowers LDL and raises HDL. It helps for the controlling the blood sugar, reduces the risk of osteoporosis and cancer, helps for giving energy, reducing the stress, improves sleep, enhances mode of work and the self-esteem. 
Abhyanga: (oil Massage) one should perform this every day. Medicated oils can be used. By taking proper massage it delays aging, cures tiredness and vata disorders, and improves vision, complexion, nourishment, life and sleep. And by doing padaa- byanga, it provides strength and stability to feet, improves the vision and pacifies the vata. By doing Shiroabyanga it prevents the balding, graying, hair fall, strengthens the hair root, and makes the hair long and black and it also nourishes the sense organs, softens the skin.
 Udvartana: (Medicated powder application) By doing this blood vessels become dilated and complexion in the skin is enhanced. Cures rashes, vata diseases, enhances the strength of thighs, and provides the lightness.
Snana: Taking bath is auspicious, enhances virility, longevity, strength, compactness and ojus, at the same time it cures tiredness, cleans sweat and impurities of the body. It takes away the sleep, burning sensation, sweat, thirst and unpleasantness due to sweat.
 Aahara: One should start Ahara with Madhura rasa then amla, lavana, tikta, katu, Kashayaa. Take this Ahara in a chronological order and anupana as jala. Because this Ahara rasa gives strength, bala, varna, pushti, dhatu poshana, indriya prasadata etc.
Ayurveda considered diet as one of the important factors and a therapeutic measure for a number of diseases in the form of pathya  and rightly considered food as MAHA BHAISHAJYA- The best curative measure among all.
Tambula:  After taking the food one should take Tambula (betel leaves and nut) because it will gives oral hygiene, digestion of food, gives good smell and improve functions of Indriyas.
Mental health and social health: Now a days we are seeing 80% of diseases are psychosomatic. For every emotion there is chemical secretion in the body like anger, hostility, frustration, violence, depression, etc. Ayurveda  has contributed a great concept of achara rasayana in achieving healthy mind. Achara rasayana is about code of conduct how person should live and what he should do or should not. It is an integral part of healty life (Swasthavrutta).
For preventing the diseases and promoting positive health we should follow the above mentioned healthy lifestyle.

References

  1. Vd. Harishchandra Sinha Kushvaha, Chwokamba Orientalia. Charaka Samhita Vol I Sutra sthan 1/9.
  2. Durgawati Devi, Rajeev Kumar Srivastava, BK Dwivedi, NS Chundawat. Principle of Dincharya (Ideal Life-style) in Current Scenario. International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine 1(2) 201; 40:45
  3. Hiremath Parameshwar et. Al. Effect of Dinacharya for Healthy Living 89; 1(6): Nov– Dec 2013.
  4. Vd. Harishchandra Sinha Kushvaha, Chwokamba Orientalia. Charaka Samhita Vol I Chikitsa Sthana 4.

*Dr. Anuradha Khandekar is presently working as Assistant Professor, Department of Ayurveda, MGIMS. She has completed her MD in Kayachikitsa from Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune and also received special training in ‘Panchakarma’. She was involved in two collaborative research projects: 'Ayush Manas in mental retardation' and 'an interventional trial on anaemia in women' funded by The Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India.

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